Pharmacy

Q: An 1M injection site suitable for a small child < 3 years of age) is the

(a) :  gluteus maximus
(b) :  gluteus minimal
(c) :  gluteus ultima
(d) :  ventrogluteal
(e) :  vastus lateralis
Answer:  vastus lateralis
Explanation:   The vastus lateralis is the largest developed muscle in young children and is free of major nerves and veins. The volume limitation should be 1 mL.

Q: A nurse informs you that a patient has polydipsia. This refers to

(a) :  excessive urination
(b) :  excessive craving for food
(c) :  excessive thirst
(d) :  excessive thirst
(e) :  double vision
Answer:  excessive thirst
Explanation:  

Q: Uses for surfactants in pharmaceutical products include I. percutaneous absorption enhancers II. cleansing agents III. therapeutic activity

(a) :  I only
(b) :  III only
(c) :  I and II only
(d) :  II and III only
(e) :  I, II, and III
Answer:  I, II, and III
Explanation:   The inclusion of surfactants in topical preparations appears to enhance the penetration of active drugs through the skin. Contact lens solutions may contain surfactants for the cleansing of the lenses before storage or in sertion. Nontoxic and nonirritating surfactants such as docusate (dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate) are used as emollient laxatives because they soften stools.

Q: Which one of the following OTC internal analgesics contains magnesium salicylate?

(a) :  Bromo Seltzer
(b) :  Doan's Original
(c) :  Ecotrin
(d) :  Sinarest
(e) :  none of these
Answer:  Doan's Original
Explanation:  Magnesium salicylate is similar to sodium salicylate in its analgesic activity, but there is the danger of systemic magnesium toxicity, especially in the renal-impaired pa- tient.

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