Research Methods

Q: The problems of observers seeing only what they expect to see is called

(a) :  observer bias.
(b) :  the experimenter effect.
(c) :  the effects of the observer.
(d) :  the halo effect.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  observer bias.

Q: One of the limitations of the case study is that

(a) :  there are few subjects for which it is applicable.
(b) :  there are no control groups.
(c) :  it is not applicable to the study of bizarre behavior.
(d) :  it requires a large and expensive sample size.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  there are no control groups.

Q: One of the characteristics of the scientific method is

(a) :  repeatable results.
(b) :  top-secret information.
(c) :  analysis measurement.
(d) :  emotive reasoning.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  repeatable results.

Q: A scientist wants to find out if there is empirical evidence for a relationship between caffeine and aggressive behavior. She would

(a) :  interview people to get their opinions.
(b) :  correlate newspaper accounts and the types of beverages consumed.
(c) :  test the idea by conducting an experiment.
(d) :  research what other experts had thought.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  test the idea by conducting an experiment.

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