Research Methods

Q: The problems of observers seeing only what they expect to see is called

(a) :  observer bias.
(b) :  the experimenter effect.
(c) :  the effects of the observer.
(d) :  the halo effect.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  observer bias.

Q: Responding to a substance like a sugar pill as if it were a drug is called

(a) :  the placebo effect.
(b) :  an extraneous factor.
(c) :  variability.
(d) :  psychosomatic illness.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  the placebo effect.

Q: Theories explain results, predict future outcomes, and

(a) :  rely only on naturalistic observations.
(b) :  guide research for future studies.
(c) :  rely only on surveys.
(d) :  rely only on case studies.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  guide research for future studies.

Q: Giving placebos in drug experiments is necessary to

(a) :  counteract the random assignment of subjects.
(b) :  counteract the side effects of the drug.
(c) :  control for the effects of suggestion and expectation.
(d) :  keep control subjects from knowing they have been given the drug.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  control for the effects of suggestion and expectation.

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