Perception

Q: Research evidence has shown that the presence of a weapon

(a) :  increases the accuracy of the account.
(b) :  reduces the ambiguity of the interpretation of the situation.
(c) :  impairs an eyewitness's accuracy of a description of a suspect.
(d) :  allows an eyewitness to remember the event longer.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  impairs an eyewitness's accuracy of a description of a suspect.
Explanation:  

Q: The fact that objects that are near each other tend to be grouped together is known as

(a) :  closure.
(b) :  continuation.
(c) :  similarity.
(d) :  nearness.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  nearness.
Explanation:  

Q: The text's illustration of the police officer's faulty "eyewitness" identification is an example of

(a) :  the fact that perceptions are often reconstructions of events.
(b) :  the low degree of accuracy of human psi phenomena.
(c) :  perceptual closure operating in a real life situation.
(d) :  an "innocence of vision" in stressful situations.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  the fact that perceptions are often reconstructions of events.
Explanation:  

Q: A major criticism of ESP research is that

(a) :  if the experimenter really believes in ESP, he or she is much more likely to interpret coincidence as cause-and-effect.
(b) :  ESP researchers have made no attempt to be objective or scientific.
(c) :  par psychological skills are too consistent to be real.
(d) :  researchers have been unwilling to investigate psychic phenomena in laboratory settings.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  par psychological skills are too consistent to be real.
Explanation:  

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