Learning

Q: Learning is best defined as

(a) :  any change in behavior.
(b) :  a relatively permanent change in behavior due to past experience.
(c) :  a permanent change in behavior due to physical development.
(d) :  any change in behavior caused by punishment.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  a relatively permanent change in behavior due to past experience.
Explanation:  

Q: Reinforcement in operant conditioning is most effective when it is

(a) :  response contingent.
(b) :  stimulus contingent.
(c) :  US-CS contingent.
(d) :  NS-CS contingent.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  response contingent.
Explanation:  

Q: Responses that are reinforced and tend to be repeated illustrate

(a) :  stimulus control.
(b) :  operant conditioning.
(c) :  generalization.
(d) :  discrimination.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  operant conditioning.
Explanation:  

Q: Classical conditioning is most often used to condition

(a) :  reflexes.
(b) :  short-term behavior.
(c) :  negative behavior.
(d) :  positive behavior.
(e) :  None of the above
Answer:  reflexes.
Explanation:  

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