English Comprehension

Q: There is a quite common sentiment that the use of nuclear arms is obviously different to morality and that its making probably so, does not go far sufficient. These activities are not only conflicting to ethics but also to law and if the lawful objection can be added to the ethical, the argument beside the use and the produce of these weapons will significantly be unbreakable. Now the time is ripe to estimate the duty of scientist who intentionally uses their proficiency for the creation of such weapons which has deterious result on mankind. To this should be added to the fact that more than 50% of the trained scientific manpower on the earth is now busy in the armaments business. Now it is suitable that manufacture of arms of death in a world of scarcity is a question that must lay a hand on the scientific conscience. A gathering of biologists on the Long term wide-reaching Biological cost of Nuclear War added scary dimensions to those biological affects consequential from weather changes may at least be as severe as the direct ones. Sub cold temperature , low light levels and high dose of ionizing and ultra violet rays expanding for many months after a huge scale nuclear nation , at least in the northern hemisphere. Efficiency in usual and agricultural eco systems could be ruthlessly constrained for a year or more. Post war survivors would face malnourishment as well as chilly condition in the dark and be bare to near lethal dose of rays. If, as now seems possible, the southern hemisphere were exaggerated also, worldwide disruption of the bio sphere could result. In any event there could be stern consequences, even in the areas not exaggerated directly, because of the inter trust of the world financial system. In either case the extermination of a large fraction of the earths animals, plants and microorganisms seems probable. The inhabitants size of Hemo sapiens possibly could be condensed to pre historic levels or below and annihilation of the human genus itself cannot be debarred. Question: The authors most important objective of writing the above passage seems to------

(a) :  Explain scientifically the climate changes resulting from use of nuclear weapons
(b) :  Highlight the use of nuclear weapons as an effective population control measures
(c) :  Duly highlight the supremacy of the nations which possess nuclear weapons
(d) :  Illustrate the devastating effects of use of nuclear weapons on mankind
(e) :  Summarize the long biological effects of use of nuclear weapons
Answer:  Summarize the long biological effects of use of nuclear weapons
Explanation:  

Q: The first person in the group starts off by naming anything that is geographical. It could be a city, state, country, river, lake, or any proper geographical term. For example, the person might say, Boston. The second person has 10 seconds to think of how the word ends and come up with another geographical term starting with that letter. The second participant might say, Norway, because the geographical term has to start with N.The third person would have to choose a word beginning with Y. If a player fails to think of a correct answer within the time limit, that player is out of the game. The last person to survive is the champion. Question: This game may help you with... A. History. B. Music. C. Geography. D. Sports. E. Current events.

(a) :  a
(b) :  b
(c) :  c
(d) :  d
(e) :  e
Answer:  c
Explanation:  

Q: Unemployment is an important index of economic slack and lost output, but it is much more than that. For the unemployed person, it is often a damaging affront to human dignity and sometimes a catastrophic blow to family life. Nor is this cost distributed in proportion to ability to bear it. It falls most heavily on the young, the semiskilled and unskilled, the black person, the older worker, and underemployed person in a low income rural area who is denied the option of securing more rewarding urban employment…. The concentrated incidence of unemployment among specific groups in the population means far greater costs to society that can be measured simply in hours of involuntary idleness or dollars of income lost. The extra costs include disruption of the careers of young people, increased juvenile delinquency, and perpetuation of conditions which breed racial discrimination in employment and otherwise deny equality of opportunity. There is another and more subtle cost. The social and economic strains of prolonged underutilization create strong pressures for cost-increasing solutions…. On the side of labor, prolonged high unemployment leads to “share-the-work” pressures for shorter hours, intensifies resistance to technological change and to rationalization of work rules. On the side of business, the weakness of markets leads to attempts to raise prices to cover high average overhead casts and to pressures for protection against foreign and domestic competition. Q. Serious unemployment leads labor groups to demand

(a) :  more jobs by having everyone work shorter hours
(b) :  higher wages to those employed
(c) :  “no fire” policies
(d) :  cost-cutting solutions
(e) :  higher social security payments
Answer:  more jobs by having everyone work shorter hours
Explanation:  

Q: Always read the meter dials from the right to the left. This procedure is much easier, especially if any of the dial hands are near the zero mark. If the meter has two dials, and one is smaller than the other, then it is not imperative to read the smaller dial because it only registers a small amount. Read the dial at the right first. As the dial turns clockwise, always record the figure the pointer has just passed. Read the next dial to the left and record the figure it has just passed. Continue recording the figures on the dials from right to left. When finished, mark off the number of units recorded. Dials on water and gas meters usually indicate the amount each dial records. Question: These instructions show you how to... A. Read a meter. B. Turn the dials of a meter. C. Install a gas meter. D. Repair a water meter. E. Be prepared for outside employment.

(a) :  a
(b) :  b
(c) :  c
(d) :  d
(e) :  e
Answer:  a
Explanation:  

Q: Some modern anthropologists hold that biological evolution has shaped not only human morphology but also human behavior. The role those anthropologists ascribe to evolution is not of dictating the details of human behavior but one of imposing constraints - ways of feeling, thinking, and acting that come naturally in archetypal situations in any culture. Our frailties - emotions and motives such as rage, fear, greed, gluttony, joy, lust, love-may be a very mixed assortment quality: we are, as we say, in the grip of them. And thus they give us our sense of constraints. Unhappily, some of those frailties our need for ever-increasing security among them is presently maladaptive. Yet beneath the overlay of cultural detail, they, too, are said to be biological in direction, and therefore as natural to us as are our appendixes. We would need to comprehend thoroughly their adaptive origins in order to understand how badly they guide us now. And we might then begin to resist their pressure. Question: The primary purpose of the passage is to present A. A position on the foundations of human behavior and on what those foundations imply B. A theory outlining the parallel development of human morphology and of human behavior C. A diagnostic test for separating biologically determined behavior patters from culture - specific detail D. An overview of those human emotions and motives that impose constraints on human behaviour E. A practical method for resting the pressures of biologically determined drives.

(a) :  A
(b) :  B
(c) :  C
(d) :  D
(e) :  E
Answer:  A
Explanation:  

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