English Comprehension

Q: The first person in the group starts off by naming anything that is geographical. It could be a city, state, country, river, lake, or any proper geographical term. For example, the person might say, "Boston." The second person has 10 seconds to think of how the word ends and come up with another geographical term starting with that letter. The second participant might say, "Norway," because the geographical term has to start with "N." The third person would have to choose a word beginning with "Y." If a player fails to think of a correct answer within the time limit, that player is out of the game. The last person to survive is the champion. Question: The answer must be... A. In New York. B. Within the United States. C. A proper geographical term. D. In the same region. E. Along a coast line.

(a) :  a
(b) :  b
(c) :  c
(d) :  d
(e) :  e
Answer:  c

Q: Some modern anthropologists hold that biological evolution has shaped not only human morphology but also human behavior. The role those anthropologists ascribe to evolution is not of dictating the details of human behavior but one of imposing constraints - ways of feeling, thinking, and acting that ''come naturally'' in archetypal situations in any culture. Our ''frailties'' - emotions and motives such as rage, fear, greed, gluttony, joy, lust, love-may be a very mixed assortment quality: we are, as we say, ''in the grip'' of them. And thus they give us our sense of constraints. Unhappily, some of those frailties our need for ever-increasing security among them is presently maladaptive. Yet beneath the overlay of cultural detail, they, too, are said to be biological in direction, and therefore as natural to us as are our appendixes. We would need to comprehend thoroughly their adaptive origins in order to understand how badly they guide us now. And we might then begin to resist their pressure. Question: Which of the following most probably provides an appropriate analogy from human morphology for the ''details'' versus ''constraints'' distinction made in the passage in relation to human behaviour? A. The ability of most people to see all the colors of the visible spectrum as against most peoples inability to name any but the primary colors B. The ability of even the least fortunate people to show compassion as against people's inability to mask their feelings completely C. The ability of some people to dive to great depths as against most people's inability to swim long distance D. The psychological profile of those people who are able to delay gratification as against people's inability to control their lives completely E. The greater lung capacity of mountain peoples that helps them live in oxygen-poor air as against people's inability to fly without special apparatus.

(a) :  A
(b) :  B
(c) :  C
(d) :  D
(e) :  E
Answer:  E

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